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Calvary. Icon of the Mother of God Unbreakable (or Indestructible) Wall


Article: 101.260 New!

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Status: In stock
4'670,00 UAH

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Technique: Miniature relief, casting, gilding, niello, handwork.
Average weight, g:8,0
Materials: Silver (925). Gilding (999).
Dimensions, mm: 43  25 3


       On the front side of every Orthodox cross must be present the image of Our Lord Jesus Christ. After all, only the incarnation of Christ and His sacrificial death transformed the cross from an instrument of shameful and agonizing death into the instrument of salvation and eternal life. On this cross pendant the Lord is depicted on both sides. On one side He is depicted symbolically as the Calvary cross and on the other side in His image of the Lord Almighty. Therefore, the both sides can be used as a front side, thus this cross pendant can be worn by any side.
       The first side is dedicated to the image of the Calvary. The word Calvary is Latin version of the Aramaic word, meaning head, skull, and forehead. Christian theology connected Calvary with the skull of Adam. According to the Legend it was buried under the Calvary therefore the skull is usually depicted under the cross. The Calvary cross is the main symbol of Orthodoxy. From ancient times the richness of its framing and luxury adornments in many religious works of art did not reflect the historical truth, but symbolized the attitude that had developed towards Lords Cross in the Orthodox Church. For the all Christendom Calvary and the Christs Cross are the most precious treasures, more valuable than all the wealth of the world. In Orthodoxy, the image of the cross signifies not only the Lords sufferings, but also the joy of Easter. The image of Calvary reminds that Christs Cross connected heaven and earth, reunited human beings with God.
The letters that surround the image of the Cross are the initials of the Lords Holy name. On the top, on a short cross beam are inscribed letters in old Slavonic Ȕ (in English JNRJ, meaning Jesus Nazarethan, Rex Judaic). Top cross beam is also called the title and served as a plate where the guilt of the executed person was notified. So just being the Jesus Nazarethan, King of Jews was a reason enough to execute Jesus Christ.
       On both sides from Calvary are placed the icons of the most honored Orthodox saints of St. Sergius of Radonezh and of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. These Saints are often invoked by believers who seek intercession and help. However both these saints lived at different times and in different countries. St. Nicholas the Wonderworker was born and lived in Asia Minor. He was the Bishop of the Byzantine province Lycia around 3th -4thcentury. St. Sergius of Radonezh lived in 14thcentury close to Moscow where he founded the Monastery of the Holy Trinity in the wild forests of Radonezh. St. Sergius of Radonezh and St. Nicholas are alike by their infinite love for God and sacrificial compassionate love for people. This love enlightened their lives, their spiritual ministration, and resulted in receiving from God their extra ordinary miracle working power. Therefore, believers call them wonder-workers and loving advocates and intercessors before God.
      On the other side of this cross pendant on top is placed the image of the Lord Almighty with the Mother of God standing before Him and archangels Michael and Gabriel worshiping Them. The icon of Our Lady, where She is holding Her hands in praying gesture towards the Lord is called the Unbreakable (or Indestructible) Wall. This name (epithet) is borrowed from the Akathist to the Mother of God, where She is compared with the unbreakable wall of the Kingdom. The prototype of the wonder working icon of the Mother of God the Unbreakable (or Indestructible) Wall was a huge mosaic image of the Virgin Orans (Oranta). The image was found and is still preserved in the apse of the ancient Orthodox Sofia Cathedral in Kiev, Ukraine. Since 11th century Kiev and its oldest and main cathedral seen and survived in huge number of wars and destructions from various enemies. However, the majestic image of Our Lady remained intact for thousand years, protecting all who prayed before it for help and protection. In 19th century copies of the image became famous for their miracle working power. Since then the icon of the Virgin with Her open hands raising high became one of the most precious and popular among Christian people. Amazing power comes from the Unbreakable (or Indestructible) Wall icon. Blessed Virgin as if stands in the way of the all existing evil and stops it with Her Most Pure hands. Good Mediatress of Christians is praying for the whole Christendom begging the Lord for each and every human being. She is our defender against all disasters, all attacks of enemies and evil spirits. Our strong Lady of powerful prayer and Intercessor before God. The icon Unbreakable (or Indestructible) Wall is commemorated on May 31/June 12, and on the Sunday of All Saints.